PaleoWest was founded on the principle of providing the very best cultural resource consultants to our clients. We pride ourselves on being the most innovative team of problem-solvers in the business.
Following are highlights from the expertise of our most senior staff members. Full vitae are available upon request, as is additional information on the remainder of PaleoWest’s extensive team of technical and administrative support staff.
TOM MOTSINGER, M.A., RPA | President
Tom Motsinger founded PaleoWest after 24 years providing archaeology consulting services, including managing some of the largest and most complex archaeology projects in the western U.S. As an archaeologist, Tom has published scientific articles in professional archaeological journals such as Kiva and Journal of Field Archaeology, contributed chapters to edited volumes for major publishers, and co-edited such volumes himself. This combination of scientific credentials, business acumen, and proven success in solution-oriented consulting were poured as the foundation of PaleoWest and continues to guide the firm’s approach.
Contact Tom: 602.980.6687 | firstname.lastname@example.org
SHAWN FEHRENBACH, M.A., RPA | Chief Executive Officer
Shawn Fehrenbach has served with PaleoWest since 2010 as Archaeologist, Project Director, Director of Graphics and GIS, Chief Information Officer, Chief Operating Officer, and was appointed PaleoWest’s CEO in February of 2019. Shawn provides leadership and vision in PaleoWest, overseeing all operations, fiscal activity, and business strategy. In addition to his work in the Southwest, Shawn has experience working in the American Midwest, the Hawaiian Islands, and Southeast Asia.
Contact Shawn: 602.245.5149 | email@example.com
KEVIN THOMPSON, M.A., RPA | Senior Vice President
Kevin Thompson brings more than 30 years of high-level experience in cultural resource management across the western United States and the Pacific to PaleoWest’s Denver office. His lengthy record of success for clients includes the $14 million Animas-La Plata Water Storage Project in Colorado, the Entrega/REX pipeline and the Exxon LaBarge Project across Wyoming, and several large environmental impact statements. Kevin has authored scientific articles, technical documents, and professional peer-reviewed papers concerning the archaeology of the Northern Colorado River Basin and the Intermountain West. Kevin now serves as Vice President in our Denver, Colorado office. Kevin currently serves on the Board of Directors for the American Cultural Resources Association, the national trade organization for cultural-resource firms.
Contact Kevin: 303.263.8993 | firstname.lastname@example.org
VANESSA MIRRO, M.A., RPA | Vice President and California Principal
Vanessa Mirro has 20 years of experience in cultural resources management (CRM) in California, the eastern United States, and Canada. Her areas of expertise include project management, business development, tribal consultation, and regulatory compliance. She has been a leader in the CRM industry and has held executive, board, and chair positions for several large CRM firms and various heritage organizations, including American Cultural Resources Association and the Register of Professional Archaeologists. She has directed hundreds of projects and prepared and implemented cultural resources management and treatment plans for various transportation, renewable energy, water infrastructure and storage, gas and electric transmission, and urban development projects to ensure compliance with Section 106 of the NHPA, CEQA, and other federal and state laws. She successfully managed numerous large-scale, multiyear projects, such as Metropolitan Water District’s San Diego 6 Pipeline Projects (SD6) in Riverside and San Diego counties; PG&E’s Hinkley Groundwater Remediation Project in San Bernardino County; and the State Route 79 Realignment Project in Riverside County. As well, Ms. Mirro has conducted successful consultation with numerous Native American groups and resource agencies.
Contact Vanessa: 626.807.0364 | email@example.com
CLINT HELTON, M.A., RPA | Vice President
Clint Helton has over 20 years of professional experience in environmental consulting within the United States and internationally, and is a technical expert in cultural resources and cultural heritage studies. Clint regularly directs and manages teams, interfaces with clients and regulators, acts as senior technical consultant, provides expert witness testimony, and leads technical studies and environmental assessments in support of California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA), and National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), among others. Clint has completed hundreds of projects throughout the United States, particularly in California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, and Wyoming, and has significant experience supporting both commercial and government sector clients with a multitude of project types, including solar and wind energy, power plant licensing, oil and gas transmission and development, transportation, land development, water, and public works. Throughout his career, Mr. Helton has held roles in operations, project delivery, project management, and business development. Mr. Helton is a highly effective leader and an innovative problem solver, making him a valuable asset to any team.
Contact Clint: 949.500.2496 | firstname.lastname@example.org
CHRIS NORTH, M.A., RPA | Vice President
Chris has 17 years of archaeological experience in the Great Basin and Southwest regions. He is an accomplished project director and has successfully managed numerous large-scale surveys, including the $7 million Arizona Public Service Company transmission line system survey. He has also directed testing and data recovery projects throughout the Southwest and has served as principal investigator on multiple ethnohistoric overviews. Chris has authored or co-authored several articles and chapters in peer-reviewed journals and monographs on such diverse topics as Clovis point distributions, Hopi Yellow Ware production, and Apache and Navajo archaeology and history.
Contact Chris: 602.363.7451 | email@example.com
NOEL MOTSINGER | Chief Administrative Officer
Noel Motsinger joined PaleoWest in 2009, coming from 12 years in the student financial aid industry. She has a strong background in working with federal Title IV and state regulations, helping postsecondary educational institutions navigate the complexities of implementing and maintaining programs under those rules. In her role at PaleoWest, she is responsible for overseeing the administrative functions of the company and federal government contracting.
Contact Noel: 602.738.8744 | firstname.lastname@example.org
KYE MILLER, M.A., RPA | Office Principal Santa Fe, NM
Kye has nearly a decade of archaeological experience in both the private and government sectors. Kye earned his Master’s of Arts in Anthropology from Northern Arizona University. He is an expert on early Pueblo (Basketmaker III and Pueblo I; A.D. 500-875) sites in New Mexico. Kye regularly directs all phases of archaeological work including background research and literature reviews, geophysical and pedestrian surveys, construction and geotechnical monitoring, shovel testing, site recording, NRHP eligibility evaluations, site testing, data recovery, artifact cataloging and processing. Kye works routinely in Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, New Mexico, and Utah.
Contact Kye: 618.580.0701 | email@example.com
JAMES KARBULA, PH.D., RPA | Office Principal Austin, TX
Dr. Karbula serves as Regional Project Director of the Southern Region office in Austin, Texas. Dr. Karbula received his Ph.D. from UT Austin and has more than 25 years experience working in Texas and the surrounding states. He has twice received the Award of Merit in Archaeology for Outstanding Report Production from the Texas Historical Commission and twice earned the E. Mott Davis Award for Excellence in Public Outreach.
Contact James: 512.394.7477 | firstname.lastname@example.org
BRIAN RAMOS, PH.D, RPA | Office Principal Bay Area, CA
Dr. Ramos is a professional archaeologist and Office Principal leading PaleoWest’s Northern California team out of our Walnut Creek office. He has more than 25 years professional experience leading environmental compliance and cultural resource management/historic preservation work for both government agencies and for private cultural resource management consulting firms. He is an expert in Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), and cultural resource studies conducted under the purview of the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). He specializes in the facilitation and negotiation of Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) and Programmatic Agreement documents prepared for Section 106 compliance. He has worked on more than 300 cultural resource projects and directed all phases of historic preservation compliance on some of the most complex high-profile projects in the west as well, as consulting with regulatory agencies and Native American groups and tribes. He has extensive experience leading archaeology on various types of projects including transportation (roads, bridges, highways and rail), urban infrastructure, energy transmission, parks, trails and open space.
Contact Brian: 415.734.0039 | email@example.com
MATTHEW TENNYSON, M.A., RPA | Office Principal San Diego, CA
Matt has 18 years of experience in historical and prehistoric archaeology in California, Nevada, and Arizona. Since 2009, Matt’s work has focused on the renewable energy sector serving as Principal Investigator and Project Manager for major projects. He expertly helps clients navigate the complexities involved in permitting and compliance on multi-year and multi-phase projects. Matt is an expert in building and managing teams that complete projects with a creative and efficient approach to cultural resources management.
Contact Matt: 949.981.5862 | firstname.lastname@example.org
JULIE DUGGINS, M.A., RPA | Office Principal Tallahassee, FL
Julie Duggins carries 13 years of solution-centered research and consulting into PaleoWest from her experience in both the private and public sectors. She has managed surveys, testing, and data recovery projects to help applicants comply with Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act, NEPA, and state and local statutes across Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. She is a noted expert in pre-Columbian watercraft research, particularly dugout canoes in Florida. Julie serves on the board of the Panhandle Archaeological Society at Tallahassee, teaches college-level archaeology and anthropology courses, and is a leader in resource management through her work with the Florida Archaeological Preservation Association.
Contact Julie: 678.360.6243 | email@example.com
ALAN GREENE, PH.D., RPA | Office Principal New York, NY
Alan Greene brings almost 20 years of experience in cultural resource management and academic archaeology to PaleoWest’s New York office. He enjoys developing innovative management strategies for cultural resources by working closely with clients, regulatory agencies, and local communities. Prior to arriving at PaleoWest, Alan carried out land development, energy, and federal CRM projects for a variety of clients along the East Coast and was co-director of the Kasakh Valley Archaeological Survey in Armenia. He has wide competencies in both field and laboratory archaeology, with major research interests in craftgoods, landscapes, economic life, and archaeological ethics. Alan has authored numerous scientific articles, conference papers, reports, and book chapters on archaeological pottery, settlement patterns, and the ancient South Caucasus. He serves as the the Office Principal in our New York Office, responsible for Northeast operations and business development.
Contact Alan: 917.769.1237 | firstname.lastname@example.org
RYAN ARP, M.A. | Office Principal Phoenix, AZ
Ryan earned his Master's of Arts in Anthropology from Brandeis University and has conducted archaeological fieldwork in the U.S. Southwest, Mexico, and Guatemala. Ryan has consulted on several mobile cultural field data collection and reporting applications for regional CRM projects. Ryan held senior leadership positions within the commercial real estate industry and leverages this experience with new and existing clients. His current role is divided between business development and overseeing cultural resources projects in Arizona and surrounding states.
Contact Ryan: 480.319.4508 | email@example.com
JAMES POTTER, PH.D., RPA | Principal Archaeologist
James Potter has been with PaleoWest intermittently since 2011 and now serves as a Senior Archaeologist and Principal Investigator on projects throughout the western U.S. and as the Office Principal for the California office in Pasadena. Prior to coming on board with PaleoWest he directed the Animas-La Plata reservoir project in southwestern Colorado, the largest public archaeology project in the country at the time (2001-2010). When he first joined the PaleoWest team he served as Principal Investigator for the Navajo Gallup project before venturing to California in 2012. Since moving to California he has been involved with some of the most interesting archaeology in the state, including data recovery excavations at San Gabriel Mission. He is widely published in American Antiquity, Journal of Field Archaeology, Kiva, and the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology and is the editor of the book entitled The Social Construction of Communities published by AltaMira Press.
Contact James:720.339.4313 | firstname.lastname@example.org
HEATHER PRICE, PH.D., RPA | Principal Archaeologist
Dr. Price has more than 25 years of experience in historic and prehistoric archaeology in California. Over her career she has worked for the USDA Forest Service, conducted research on early human archaeological evidence in southern France, and has served as a lithic analyst for a research expedition in Mongolia.
Contact Heather: 510.219.1846 | email@example.com
SCOTT COURTRIGHT | Senior Project Director
Scott Courtright serves as a Project Director in the Phoenix office and joined PaleoWest in 2014. He has over 20 years experience in the southwest and has over 15 years experience with Arizona Department of Transportation projects. He has supervised multiple survey, testing, and data recovery projects within Arizona, southern Utah, and Nevada. He is knowledgeable in the Section 106 process and many state and local ordinances. His research interests include a multi-year, volunteer research project he directed on the Tonto National Forest that investigated an aggregated prehistoric community and lithic quarry near Perry Mesa north of the metro Phoenix area.
Contact Scott: 480.381.8165 | firstname.lastname@example.org
REBECCA SCHWENDLER, PH.D., RPA | Project Manager
Rebecca Schwendler carries to PaleoWest more than 20 years of expertise in academic and CRM archaeology, as well as experience serving as the Public Lands Advocate and advisory archaeologist for the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Western Regional Office in Denver. Rebecca’s expertise is varied, but includes a research focused on hunter-gatherer social organization and trade. Rebecca has taught several undergraduate archaeology courses, authored multiple peer-reviewed articles, presented numerous papers at professional meetings, and given many public talks, fostering her passion for archaeological education. Her professional service has included leadership in the Society for American Archaeology’s Program, Media Relations, and Student Paper Award committees, the latter as Committee Chair for three years.
Contact Rebecca: 970.409.9893 | email@example.com
JOHN WILLIAMS, PH.D., RPA | Senior Archaeologist
John Williams is an archaeologist and cultural resources principal investigator and project manager with over 20 years of research and consultancy spanning the Rocky Mountain region, High Plains, Great Basin, Four Corners, American Bottom, Eastern Woodlands, Middle East, and Europe. His areas of interest and expertise include prehistoric and historic archaeology, hunter-gatherer interaction with ancient environments, human population expansions and colonization events of foragers and early horticulturalists/pastoralists, social and economic changes from hunting and gathering to early farming/pastoralism, lithic and ceramic technologies, historic archaeology, regional systems and public archaeology. John has ample experience as a project manager and principal investigator, successfully obtaining contracts and grants to perform archaeological fieldwork for various agencies, and successfully managing over 30 projects from start to finish..
Contact John: 720.980.1933 | firstname.lastname@example.org
DENNIS GILPIN, M.A., RPA | Senior Archaeologist, Ethnographer, and Historian
Dennis Gilpin carries more than 30 years of experience with all phases of archaeology. He has directed archaeological testing and data recovery at Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Pueblo, Navajo, and Euroamerican sites. He is particularly adept with Archaic period archaeology, Pueblo architecture, prehistoric agriculture, and historical archaeology. He is well known for his discoveries of early maize in the Chinle Valley, his research on the Chacoan system and the transition to modern Puebloan settlement, and his studies in Navajo archaeology and history. Also a highly regarded applied ethnographer, Dennis has conducted ethnographic research and tribal consultation among dozens of tribes in the western U.S. A past Registrar of Professional Archaeologists, Dennis serves as Senior Archaeologist, Ethnographer, and Historian in our Flagstaff, Arizona office.
Contact Dennis: 602.315.8933 | email@example.com